breed Russian toy
Russian toy longhair
Russian toy is not so
well spread breed in the Czech Republic. First individuals of this breed were
imported to the Czech Republic in 90´years of last century. Thanks to devoted
work of owners and breeders their number slowly grows up. Nowadays there is born
about twenty puppies of Russian toy yearly (just compare to circa 1000 puppies of
Chihuahua). It is likely you have never met Russian toy yet. It is a pity,
because it is real experience.
Russian toy was
originally Russian national breed not approved by FCI(The Federation Cynologique
Internacionale resident in Belgium). It was originally called Moscow Toy
terrier. During 2006 things has changed and the breed was preliminary accepted
by FCI. At the same time its original name Moscow Toy terrier has changed to new
breed name Russian toy (in original Russkiy Toy). This is why you should search
for the name Russian toy.
According to FCI
Russian toy has been classed to the 9th group of FCI among the companion breeds
(In the Czech Republic they are exhibited at national and international dog
shows on Sundays).
In 2017 was the breed definetly accepted by FCI (this
year was also published a new breed standard).
Russian toy has
longhair and shorthair variation. The shorthair variation looks relatively like
the breed "Pražský krysařík” but it has not come to the Czech Republic yet.
Club of breeders of
few numerous dogs’ breeds (KCHMPP) take care of keeping Russian toy in The Czech
republic. We are members of this club as well. ČMKU (Bohemia and Moravia
cynology union) is control organization issuing pedigrees and administration
Russian toy is tiny
dog with big heart. It is very emotionally depending on his master and his
family. It likes fondling but it is not officious. It wants to be still near to
his master or rather on his lap.
(Well - you can guess where Tosca is right now
while I am writing this text). It is tiny dog but beside that it is full value
breed. It can pass the base training of obedience; it can patrol and reliably
draw your attention to the unexpected visitors.
His size has also
advantages. I call them “practical pocket dog”. Your doggy can accompanies you
everywhere. Just use bag hung on your chest (baby carrier). You have free hands
and your dog is feeling well.
Russian toy is very
tiny therefore it respects some barriers rather symbolically and by its
obedience. The typical example is gap in the fence or higher bracketed door (see
photo). Russian toy is very good jumper.
Russian toy is lusty,
very resistant and strong breed. As the name says this breed was cultivated in
Russia. As we know the Russian winter is quite far-famed so if you want to buy
some fashionable pullover for your Russian toy I can compose you that there is
no need of it. Well – maybe if you intend to promenade your doggy in some
attractive overalls at the fashion week.:) In such a case you would do better
going for walk to nature. Russian toy likes snow as you can see in short video
Luckily Terry is sable otherwise I would not see her in the snow.:)
If you want your
Russian toy to get along with other dogs it is desirable to acquainted it with
them from puppy age. Your puppy has to understand the basic principles of
hierarchy of kennel and socialize well.
In general if it meets
variety of stimulus already in early age, it would grow up into balanced and
good socialize fully-grown dog.
Russian toy likes
playing, retrieving and
romping with others dog’s friends.
Russian toy is lively,
gung-ho and full of energy. No doubts you would not get bored with it. They go
for every horseplay. And how we spent time with our Russian toys? You can see in
Upbringing has to be
first of all uncompromising as by every dog. You have to bring up your dog and
not conversely. It is very important to determine the rules of living together
from the very beginning and these rules must not be contradictory.. For example
if you do not want your doggy to sleep in your bed with you never allow him to
do so. Dog would never understood why he could be in the bed as a small sweet
puppy and now (when he is grown dog) it is prohibited. Russian toy can conjure
almost professional sad views of all kind just to have one’s own way. It will be
up to you where your toy will sleep. However I have to calm you down – you get
used to it.:)
The name of breed
“toy” can lead to delusion that (as well as in the Czech translation -
Hračka) the doggy is real toy but this is pure nonsence. Russian toy is
vivacious critter which needs your love, care and responsibility. Therefore
if you do not want to devote your time to the doggy you would do better to
abandon the idea of procure him. Dog certainly is not fashion accessory.
Russian toy care
the space point of view Russian toy is easy to please. Evan the small flat would
suit him. More important is the possibility to be in the company of his master
providing you get the regular daily walks.
The coat care is not
difficult. You just should tease out your doggy once a week. Bathing is similar
to another breeds. It depends on current need but the doggy should take the bath
at least once a year.
Well, let’s summarize
it: feed him, walk him, scratch him and play with him.
Standard Russian toy
FCI-Standard N° 352 / 05.12.2017
Anna Samsonova. Edited
by Dr. Eugene Yerusalimsky.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE OFFICIAL
VALID STANDARD: 07.11.2017
UTILIZATION: Companion Dog
FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 9 Companion and Toy dogs
9 Continental Toy Spaniels and Russian Toys.
Without working trial..
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
At the beginning
of the 20th century, the English Toy Terrier was one of the most popular toy
dogs in Russia. However, in the period 1920 – 1950 the breeding of pure toy
terriers was almost stopped and the number of dogs fell to a critical level.
Only in the mid-fifties did Russian dog-breeders begin the revival of the breed.
Practically all dogs which were used for breeding had no pedigrees; many of them
were not pure blood. The Standard drafted for Toy Terriers significantly
differed from that of the English Toy Terrier in many aspects. From this moment,
the evolution of the breed in Russia went its own way. On the 12th of October,
1958 two smooth-haired dogs, one of which had slightly longer hair, gave birth
to a male dog with a spectacular fringes on ears and limbs. It was decided to
keep this feature. The male was mated with a female which also had slightly long
hair. Thus the longhaired variety of the Russian Toy appeared. It was called
Moscow Longhaired Toy Terrier. A dog breeder from Moscow, Yevgueni a Fominichna
Zharova, played an important role in the creation of this breed variant. It was
during a long period of development, in an isolated context, along with a
specifically conducted selection that a new breed was created : the Russian Toy
with two coat varieties: longhaired and smooth-haired.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: A small, elegant longlegged dog, with fine
bone and lean muscles. Very harmonic dog of good proportions. Sexual dimorphism
only slightly defined.
The length of the body is
equal to the height at withers.
The height at elbows is only slightly more than half of the height at withers.
The chest reaches the elbows.
The length of the muzzle is shorter than the length of the skull.
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT: Active, very cheerful, neither cowardly nor
aggressive. Always curious of the outer world, strongly devoted to its owner.
HEAD: Small compared to the body. Light, lean; wedge-shaped if
viewed from above; occiput is not pronounced.
Skull: High but
not too wide (width at the level of zygomatic arches does not exceed the depth
of the skull), with a slightly rounded forehead. The roundness should be
pronounced but not exaggerated.
Stop: Clearly pronounced, of medium depth.
Nose: Small, well developed
with well-open nostrils; black or matching the coat colour.
Muzzle: Lean and pointed, gradually narrowing to the nose; shorter than the
skull: from 1/3 up to 2/5 of the head. Straight nasal bridge.
Lips: Thin, lean, tight- fitting and dark or matching the coat colour.
Jaws/Teeth: Scissor bite. Level bite extending to 2 or 3 pairs of incisors is
permitted but undesirable. Teeth white, of medium size.
Cheekbones: Flat, only slightly pronounced.
Eyes: Quite large, rounded, expressive, well apart and looking straight ahead.
As dark as possible. Eyelids are dark or matching the coat colour, tightly
fitting. The look is self-interested, clever, curious, friendly, and intelligent.
Ears: Big, thin, set high, erect, shaped as a high isosceles triangle; set
slightly upward. In longhaired variety may be slightly directed sidewards.
NECK: Long, lean, carried high.
Moderately and gradually sloping from the withers down to the tailset.
Withers: Slightly pronounced.
Back: Strong and straight.
Loin: Short, sufficiently muscled and slightly prominent.
Croup: The croup is sloping at about 15 degree to the horizontal line, of medium
width, sufficiently long.
Chest: The chest reaches the elbows; of slightly flat oval, shaped in cross-section.
Underline: Tucked up belly and drawn up flanks, forming a smooth and nicely
curved line from the chest to the flanks.
TAIL: Medium length, sickle or sabre, without wring or kinks. Set
moderately high. In movement is desirable to be carried neither lower than back
level not lie on the back.
Docked tail is permitted; 2 – 4 vertebrae are left.
appearance: Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and parallel. Set
under the body when viewed from the side. The height at elbows is only slightly
more than half of the height at withers.
Shoulders: The shoulder blades are moderately long and not too sloping.
Upper arm: The length of upper arm is approximately equal to the length of
shoulder blade; forms an angle of 100-110 degrees with the shoulder.
Elbows: Set rearward.
Forearm: Long, straight.
Carpus (Wrist): Lean.
Metacarpus (Pastern): Straight when viewed from the front. Almost vertical when
viewed from the side.
Forefeet: Small, oval, turning neither in nor out. Toes well-knit and arched.
Pads are springy. Nails and pads are black or matching the coat colour.
General appearance: Seen from
the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel, standing a little bit wider
than the forelegs. Viewed from the side set slightly rearward. Stifles and hocks
are sufficiently bent, in balance with the forelegs angulation.
Upper thigh: Moderately long; muscles are lean and developed.
Lower thigh: Of approximately same length as the upper thighs.
Hock: Of moderate angulation.
Metatarsus (Rear pastern): Perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each
Hind feet: The paws are arched and well-closed, a little bit narrower than
forefeet; toes are close-cupped, not turned in or out. Nails and pads are black
or matching the coat colour.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Easy, straightforward, light, energetic, moderately
reach. The topline is straight; no noticeable change in the topline when moving;
somewhat high in withers is permissible. Head proudly held high, tail carried
SKIN: Thin and tight-fitting.
Hair: There are two varieties for the breed: smooth-haired and
- Smooth-haired: Short, close-lying, shiny hair, without undercoat or bald
- Long-haired: Body and neck are covered with moderately long (3-5 cm), straight
or slightly wavy hair, close-lying. Hair on the head and on the front part of
limbs is short and close -lying. Distinct feathers on rear side of limbs and the
tail. Ears are covered with thick, long hair forming a fringe. In adult dogs the
fringe, should completely hide the outer edges and tips of the ears. Body hair
should not be tousled or fluffy.
Colour: Black and tan; brown and tan; blue and tan; lilac and tan;
red with black, red with blue; red with brown, red with lilac; red; fawn; cream.
The colour of the nose matches the main hair colour.
SIZE AND WEIGHT:
Height at withers: Dogs and
females: 22 – 27 cm.
Weight: Males and females: up to 3 kg.
Preferable height: 25 cm, preferable weight: 2.3 kg.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded
should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and
welfare of the dog.
• Timid behaviour.
• Height less than 22 cm; height more than 27 cm.
• Longbodied dog; too much arched loin; steeply sloping croup.
• Missing 1 or 2 incisors in the upper and/or lower jaw.
• Semi-erect ears in the long-haired breed variation if not caused by heavy and
too thick ear hair.
• Soft ears in the smooth-haired dogs.
• Weak lower jaw.
• Piked or heavy muzzle; dishfaced or downfaced
• Inverted elbows, toes-out.
• Straight in front and rear.
• Angulations of stifles and hocks excessively pronounced.
• Low set tail, curled tail, spirally twisted tail, tail laying on the back.
• Minor bald patches in smooth-haired dogs.
• Too long, loose or slightly waved body hair in longhaired dogs; tousled of
fluffy hair; the absence of ornamental hair on the tail.
• Small white spots on chest and toes.
• Tan markings too large or with darkened markings.
• Aggressive dog, overly shy
• Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be
• Overshot, level bite extending to the whole pairs of incisors, undershot. Wry
mouth; absence of any canine; absence of more than 2 incisors in either jaw.
• Lower jaw canines thrust against gums or roof of the upper jaw.
• Tongue visible constantly when mouth is closed.
• Open fontanel in dogs over 9 months.
• Short legged dogs.
• Overdeveloped and massive chest.
• Semi-pricked ears in smooth-haired dogs.
• Dropped ears in long-haired dogs.
• In smooth-haired dogs: numerous bald patches (more than 25 %); very soft,
tousled, loose body hair; too long hair with pronounced feathering on limbs and
tail; trimmed coat.
• In long-haired dogs: absence of fringes on ears and, presence of curly hair. ,
trimmed coat on the body; curly coat; semipricked ears without fringes.
• Wringed or kinked tail.
• White spots on the head, on throat, above metacarpus; (pasterns) / metatarsus
(rear pastern); large white patches on chest presence of brindle markings; any
colour is not specified in the standard.
• Size over 29 cm or less 18 cm.
• Weight more than 3 kg or less than 1.5 kg.
• Male animals should have
two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
• Only functionally and clinically healthy dogs, with breed typical conformation,
should be used for breeding.